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汽车信息安全攻防关键技术研究进展
冯志杰,何明,李彬,邓明
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(中国科学院信息工程研究所 北京 中国 100093)
摘要:
汽车技术的迅猛发展,车载信息系统的智能化、电子化水平不断提高,促使了车辆信息安全问题已经成为近年来最热门的研究领域之一。为提高车载信息系统抗攻击能力、实现汽车的安全平稳运行,从信息安全的角度,综述了汽车入侵式攻击与车辆信息安全防护保障措施理论与关键技术:对现代汽车的车载信息系统概念、结构、软件标准化等进行了详细的论述;对汽车的功能性安全、信息系统安全的区别进行了详细对比;对现代汽车入侵式攻击的方法与种类,及安全防护保障策略等进行了深入剖析;对汽车信息安全领域的国内外研究进展情况作了概括性总结;最后给出了汽车信息安全领域的发展趋势及展望。
关键词:  汽车信息安全  车载信息系统  车载诊断系统  电子控制单元  汽车入侵式攻击  防护保障策略
DOI:10.19363/j.cnki.cn10-1380/tn.2017.04.001
投稿时间:2017-01-05最后修改时间:2017-03-24
基金项目:国家高技术研究发展计划(863)项目
Research on Car Information Security Attack and Protection Technology
FENG Zhijie,HE Ming,LI Bin,DENG Ming
Institute of Information Engineering, CAS, Beijing 100093, China
Abstract:
The rapid development of automotive technology, automotive information system of intelligent, electronic level has been improved continually, the vehicle information security problem has become one of the most popular research field in recent years. In order to improve the attack resistance ability of the vehicle information system and realize the automotive safety running smoothly, in the perspective of information security, car invasive attack and vehicle information were reviewed safety guarantee measures: theory and key technologies for modern automobile vehicle information system concept, structure, standardization of software and so on are described in detail; functional on car safety, makes a detailed contrast the difference between information system security; the modern car invasive attack methods and types, and guarantee of safety protection strategy etc. are carried on the thorough analysis; the car in the field of information security research progress at home and abroad made a general summary; the future development trend and prospects for car information security are also discussed.
Key words:  car information security  automotive information system  On-Board diagnostics  electronic control unit  car invasive attack  safety protection strategy