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DSR路由发现中基于微支付的安全数据采集激励机制
刘高,闫峥,付玉龙
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(西安电子科技大学 综合业务网理论及关键技术国家重点实验室 网络与信息安全学院 西安 中国 710126;信息网络安全公安部重点实验室 上海 中国 201204)
摘要:
移动自组织网中的动态源路由(DSR)协议遭受各种主动攻击,这些攻击主要集中在路由发现阶段。目前存在各种各样的攻击检测技术来检测这些攻击。这些攻击检测技术需要收集转发节点采集的安全数据。然而由于转发节点的负载、自私、低电量等情况,转发节点不愿采集安全数据,并且该问题一直未被解决。本文提出一种DSR路由发现中基于微支付的安全数据采集激励机制。允许转发节点将采集的安全数据添加在收到的控制信息中,然后进行转发。转发节点可利用收到的控制信息作为收据在存款服务中心处充值。提出的激励机制能够抑制请求信息滥转发给源节点造成的巨额支付,又尽可能让每个转发节点获得奖励,极大地实现了公平性。
关键词:  移动自组织网  动态源路由  路由发现  微支付  安全数据采集  激励机制
DOI:10.19363/J.cnki.cn10-1380/tn.2019.01.01
投稿时间:2018-10-01修订日期:2018-11-02
基金项目:本课题得到科技部重点研发计划(No.2016YFB0800704)和信息网络安全公安部重点实验室开放课题项目(No.C18614)资助
A Micropayment-Based Incentive Mechanism for Security-Related Data Collection in Route Discovery of DSR Protocol
LIU Gao,YAN Zheng,FU Yulong
The State Key Laboratory on Integrated Services Networks, School of Cyber Engineering, Xidian University, Xi'an 710126, China;Key Laboratory of Information Network Security Ministry of Public Security, Shanghai 201204, China
Abstract:
In Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs), Dynamic Source Routing (DSR)protocol suffers from different types of attacks,which mainly occur in route discovery.Currently,there exist various attack detection techniques for detecting these attacks. The existing attack detection techniques require security-related data that can be collected by forwarding nodes. However, the forwarding nodes might not be willing to collect security-related data due to overload, selfishness,low battery power, etc. This problem is still open and unsolved. We propose a micropayment-based incentive mechanism for security-related data collection in route discovery of DSR protocol.It allows the forwarding nodes to insert collected security-related data into control messages before forwarding them.The forwarding nodes request crediting their account by transmitting the received control messages to a deposit service center. The proposed incentive mechanism can not only constrain the amount of payment of a source node by preventing exceedingly forwarding RREQs, but also make each forwarding node obtain a reward as much as possible for the purpose of ensuring fairness.
Key words:  MANETs  DSR  Route discovery  Micropayment  Security-related data collection  Incentive mechanism